Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars
Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto
Made of rocks
Made of gases
Has an atmosphere
Do not have a suitable atmosphere for living things to survive
Temperature is hotter
Temperature is colder
- Mercury is the second smallest planet in the solar system.
- The temperature is too hot to support life.
- It is the closest planet to the sun.
- It is also very close to the same size as the moon.
- Venus is called the evening star because to us on earth it is so bright.
- Its also call Earth's twin because it is almost the same size as Earth and it looks identical.
- It is the closest to earth but it does not have water and life on Venus.
- Venus gets so hot during the day it can melt a lead cannonball.
- It gets up to 484 degrees celcius on the side facing the sun.
- Venus gets so hot because it has clouds that circle the planet with heat inside of the clouds.
- This makes it hotter than Mercury.
- Venus orbits the sun slowly. It also has alot of thunderstorms.
- Earth is the only planet known to have life.
- Most of earth is covered by water.
- The rest is covered by land, mountains, and valleys.
- Earth is the third closest planet to the sun.
- It is covered by many oxygens mostly nitrogen and oxygen.
- The atmosphere is what gives us air to breathe, thats why we live on planet Earth.
- The Earth orbits around the sun.
- It takes one year to completely rotate the sun.
- It also rotates and spins on its axis.
- Each day it spins around one whole time.
- The tilt in the axis is responsible of are seasons. Otherwise it would be the same temperature all year long.
- Mars is called the red planet bacuse it is red.
- On Mars it can get very cold. On its hot days it is still cold.
- They have poles just like earth. North and South.
- During the martian winter, ice caps can be seen at the poles.
- Mars has two moons, Phobos and Deimos which have unusual shapes.
- Scientists believe that these potato shaped moons were astroids captured by Mars' gravitational pull.
- Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar System.
- It is a gas giant with mass one-thousandth that of the Sun but is two and a half times the mass of all the other planets in our Solar System combined.
- Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest planet in the Solar System, after Jupiter.
- Named after the Roman god Saturn, its astronomical symbol represents the god's sickle.
- Has three wide rings.
- They can be seen with a telescope. It composed mostly of ice particles and some debris.
- Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun.
- It has the third-largest planetary radius and fourth-largest planetary mass in the Solar System.
- It is a kind of watery planet, pretty far away from the Sun.
- It is the coldest planet in the Solar System.
- The Planet Neptune is the eighth planet from the sun.
- It is also known as the Blue Giant.
- Neptune is the fourth and outermost of the gas giant planets and also has rings.
- Its atmosphere is mostly hydrogen and helium.
- In Roman mythology Neptune was the god of the Sea.
- Neptune and Uranus are much alike.
- It is covered with a blue ocean of liquid methane.
- Pluto is the farthest planet from the Sun so the temprature is very low and it is very cold.